TOP CMD Commands That Microsoft Windows User Must Know

TOP CMD Commands That Microsoft 

Windows User Must Know

The Windows Command Prompt is an essential feature and part of the Microsoft Windows operating system for long. There are some very easy and useful CMD commands that regular users consider the Windows command prompt to be a major part of the operating system.

It is always said that this will gradually end at some point, but it is unlikely to happen soon at any time.

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1- ASSOC: Fix File Associations

One of the most and very powerful tools in the CMD command library is the ASSOC command.

Your computer will associate with specific file extensions with specific programs. This way your computer can open Adobe when you double-click a PDF file, or Microsoft Word when you double-click a .doc file.

You can view all file associations that your computer has by typing ASSOC in the command window. You will see the file extension and related program.

You can set up a link by typing something like a doc. Doc = Word.Document.8.

2. FC: file comparison

Sometimes, as files change over time, it's difficult to remember the differences between versions. You may not know that the CMD the command provides the ability to compare files and see all the differences, but this is true.

The FC command compares the ASCII or Binary file and lists any differences it finds.

Fc / a File1.txt File2.txt compares two ASCII files.

Fc / b Picture1.jpg Picture2.jpg You will make a two-way comparison in two pictures.

3. IPconfig: Configure IP

Solving network problems is not at all easy, but the only thing that makes working easier is IPCONFIG.

Using this command in the CMD command prompt show detailed information about the current network adapter connection, including:

  • The current IP address
  • Subnet mask
  • The IP address of the default gateway
  • Current domain

This information can help you troubleshoot the router and other connection problems you may encounter with your network adapter.

4. NETSTAT: Network Statistics

Are you concerned about running malicious software on your computer that connects to websites without your knowledge?

If you run the NETSTAT command at a command prompt, you can get a list of all active TCP connections from your computer.

5. PING: Send test packages

Your IT analyst's best friend is PING. Running this command sends the test packets to the network of the targeted system.

You can use the PING command to test whether your computer has access to another computer, server, or even a website. It can help detect network disconnections. It also provides packet transfer time in milliseconds, so it also detects a poor network connection.

6. TRACERT: Track Route of Network

TRACERT is a very interesting Windows command to use. If you've ever wondered how internet traffic goes from your browser to a remote system like Google’s servers, you can view it using TRACERT.

The command is an abbreviation for "Route Routing" that sends packets to a remote destination (server or web) and provides all of the following information:

  • The number of hops (intermediate servers) before reaching the destination
  • It's time to reach each jump
  • IP and sometimes the name of all hops

TRACERT can reveal how paths change to your internet requests depending on where you access the web. It also helps to troubleshoot a router or local network operation, which can be a problem.

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7. POWERCFG: Power Configuration

Are you frustrated by how fast your laptop is running? Configuring power settings can be as effective as possible. A Windows CMD command called POWERCFG can also help. Run the command prompt as an administrator and type the "powercfg" (power configuration) to get a full energy efficiency report.

This process may take about a minute, but upon completion, you will discover if there are any warnings or errors that can help you improve the energy efficiency of your system.

For details on these errors and warnings, see the energy-report.html file.

8. Shutdown: Shut down the computer

The SHUTDOWN command is a versatile command that allows you to shut down your computer but controls the behavior of the shutdown. It is typically used as a scheduled task or as part of an IT group task after repairs have been made to a computer system.

Entering shutdown / i from the command prompt will start the shutdown, but it depends on a graphical user interface (GUI) that gives the user an option to restart or shut down the computer completely. If you do not want to see any GUI pop-up window, you can issue only the Shutdown / s command.

There is a long list of additional parameters that you can use to log off, sleep, restart, and more. Just turn them off without any arguments to see them all.

9. SYSTEMINFO: System information

If you want to know about your system information like network card brand, processor details, or the exact version of Windows, SYSTEMINFO can help.

It will examine your system and get the most important information about your system. It provides information in a clear and easy-to-read format.

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10. SFC: System File Checker

If you are concerned that a virus or some other program may have corrupted essential system files, there is a Windows command that can scan those files and make sure they are safe.

As an administrator, you must run CMD (right-click and select Run as administrator). Typing SFC / SCANNOW verifies the integrity of all protected system files. If a problem is detected, the files are repaired with the backed up system files.

The SFC command also allows you to:

·         / VERIFYONLY: Verify integration but do not repair files.
 ·         / SCANFILE: Check the integrity of specific files and repair them if they are damaged.
 ·         / VERIFYFILE: Verify the integrity of certain files, but do not fix them.
 ·         / OFFBOOTDIR: Used to make corrections in the offline boot directory.
 ·         / OFFWINDIR: Use this to make repairs to the Windows Address Book offline.
 ·         / OFFLOGFILE: Specifies the path to save the log file with the scan results.

The exam may take up to 10 or 15 minutes, so try it out.

11. Net use: Map Drives

To map a new drive, you can always open Windows Explorer, right-click My Computer and go to the Map Network Drive Wizard. However, you can use the NET USE command to do the same with a single command chain.

For example, if you have a shared folder on your network called \\ OTHER-COMPUTER \ SHARE \, you can set this as your Z: by typing:

Clean use from: \\ \\ COMPUTERS \ SHARE / Fixed: Yes

The hard switch tells your computer that you want to reset this drive every time you log in to your computer.

12. CHKDSK: Check the disk

While the SFC command only verifies the integrity of core system files, you can use the CHKDSK command to scan the entire drive.

To check drive C and troubleshoot any problems, run the command window as administrator and enter CHKDSK / f C:.

For example, this command checks for:

  •       File segmentation
  •       Disk errors
  • ·     Bad sectors

The command can correct any disk errors (if applicable). Once the order is complete, you will see the status of the review and the steps taken.

13. SCHTASKS: Task Scheduler

Windows comes with a wizard to create scheduled tasks. For example, you might have a .bat file in C: \ temp that you want to run every day at noon.

To configure it, you must click the Scheduled Task Wizard. Or you can enter and set one SCHTASKS command.

SCHTASKS / Build / SC HOURLY / MO12 / TR Example / TN c: \ temp \ File1.bat

The scheduled key accepts arguments such as Minute, Hour, Day, and Month. Then enter the frequency using the / MO command.

If you type the command correctly, success is displayed: The "Example" scheduled task was created successfully.

14. ATTRIB: Change file attributes

In Windows, you can change file attributes by right-clicking on the file and finding the correct property you want to change. Instead of looking for file attributes, you can use the ATTRIB command to set file attributes.

For example, if you type: ATTRIB + R + H C: \ temp \ File1.bat, File1.bat is set as a read-only hidden file.

When successful, it does not respond, so if the error message does not appear, the command works.

Some Others CMD Commands for Windows :

As you can see, with the Windows command prompt, you can do some useful and very powerful things if you know the right commands.

Believe it or not, there are more commands that give you the ability to do things you may never have realized by simply typing a simple command.

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Start uploading or downloading jobs over a network or the Internet and track the status of these file transfers.


 Change the background color of the cmd window.


Compare the contents of any two files to see the differences.


Find strings in any ASCII files.


Change the command line from C: \> to something else.


Change the name of the command prompt window.


Modify the keys in the Windows registry (use with caution).


A powerful file copying tool included with Windows.

If you are interested in learning more, Microsoft provides a complete list of all Windows CMD commands included in the latest version of Windows.

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